Very different from the invention of the pencil, Conte also has the reputation as an expert in balloon warfare which ensured his inclusion in the party of some 200 academics and scientists to accompany Napoleon on his expedition to Egypt in 1798.
Unfortunately, the event ended as a disaster. The balloon caught fire and the Egyptians received the impression that what had been demonstrated was a machine of war for setting fire to the enemy encampments. What a pity.
Prior to Conte’s pencil invention, the writing material had been nothing but a lump of pure graphite putting into a wooden stick.
Instead of using the pure English graphite, Conte found a way to mix graphite in a powdered form with clay and then baked it in a way that the lead could be produced in varying degrees of hardness.
Conte not only made the manageable writing material, but is also credited with inventing the machinery needed to make round lead which no other inventors who credited for pencil creation did.
Up until today, Conte’s brand name is still known as the pencil manufacture in France.
與鉛筆的發明大不同的是，康特也享有氣球戰專家的美譽，並在 1789 年與 200 位學者與科學家一同陪同拿破崙遠征埃及。
Vocabulary in Context
9. The extraordinary director, Ang Lee, has won himself an international ________________ for his amazingly unique ways of directing films.
Fame is in the closest meaning to this word.
10. Out of pity, Rick ________________ the old man who seemed to have lost his way to the police station and helped him return home.
Escorted is in the closest meaning to this word.
11. Recently, a team of scientists, teachers, and students went on an ________________ to explore some of the wonders of the Amazon Rainforest.
Journey is in the closest meaning to this word.
12. The board of directors announced several measures to minimize the problem to a more ________________ level.
Controllable is in the closest meaning to this word.
答案：(9) C (10) B (11) A (12) D
觀眾、聽眾 同 spectator / viewer / listener
主持人、主席 反 host / president / chairperson
家庭、家人 同 family / relative / folks
外人、陌生人 反 outsider / unknown /stranger
演藝、娛樂 同 show / amusement /recreation
工作、任務 反 work / task / assignment
業餘的、不熟練 同 inexperienced / inexpert /unskillful
專業的、精通的 反 professional / veteran /proficient
需要、必要 同 requirement / inevitability /imperative
不必要、多餘 反 needlessness / unessential /redundancy
衝動、刺激 同 impetuosity / compulsion /stimulus
冷靜、穩定 反 calm / serenity / tranquility
有效能、勝任的 同 economical / effective /competent
無效率、效能差 反 inefficient / useless /incapable
停止、中止 同 stop / cease / terminate
繼續、持續 反 continue / last / persist
抓住、理解 同 seize / comprehend /understand
鬆開、誤解 反 loosen / misapprehend /misinterpret