Arabic and Persian Manuscripts in the Birnbaum Collection, Toronto contains many early copies, some from the 6th A.H. /12thh C.E. century onwards. While descriptions are arranged by subject, author and title indexes are provided, as well as photographs of pages of some notable manuscripts.
Eleazar Birnbaum began studying Arabic in 1947 at the age of 17, at the University of London. He has been an Islamics librarian at the Universities of Durham (England) and Michigan. Since 1964 he has been Professor (now Emeritus) of Turkish Studies at the University of Toronto. Among his recent publications is a catalogue of his own collection of Ottoman Turkish manuscripts: Ottoman Turkish and Cagatay MSS in Canada. A Union Catalogue of the Four Collections (Brill, 2015).