This book examines the trans-border connections between militant and criminal networks and the relationship between these and the states in which they operate.
"Unholy alliances" is a term used to describe hybrid trans-border militant and criminal networks that pose serious threats to security in Europe and elsewhere. Identity networks provide the basis for militant organizations using violent strategies – insurgency and terrorism – for political objectives. To gain funds and weapons militant networks may establish criminal enterprises, or align with existing trans-border criminal and financial networks.
This book extends the concept of unholy alliances to include the trans-state
This book will be of much interest to students of terrorism, insurgency, transnational crime, war and conflict studies, and IR in general.
Lyubov Grigorova Mincheva is Senior Research Associate at the University of Sofia, and has a Phd in Political Science from the University of Maryland.
Ted Robert Gurr is Professor Emeritus of Comparative Politics at the University of Maryland and author/editor of over 20 books.