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雅思滿分記錄保持者、留學考試教父、英國劍橋CELTA師資認證
Brett Lindsay林熙
20年教學經驗,唯一也是最後一本研究結晶

最新、最精準、最完整的IELTS口說備戰守則與擬答精華
雅思考官不能告訴你的評分準則
全都濃縮在這本書中!
破除一切IELTS口說迷思


?英文檢定考官唯一聯手推薦?
雅思口說題型精密分析、答題最佳策略,精選母語人士道地慣用語,讓考生自然地
融入英文口說。
Daniel Sansoni 英文檢定考官/資深雅思教師

根據評分標準比較解析優劣答題示範。本書是任何一位雅思考生的必備寶典。
Dax Seutter 前雅思口試考官/資深雅思教師

清楚、獨到且易於遵循的雅思指導方針,讓你自信表達,口說拿高分!
Brian Welter 英文檢定考官/資深雅思教師

★年年親赴考場應試,剖析IELTS口說考官評分標準,備戰策略、答題技巧、口說禁忌,拿到雅思口說高分就靠這一本!
★Parts 1-3高頻口說真題擬答、高分替換用字、道地搭配詞、老外慣用語,活用表達,不再死背硬答。
★ 英文「言之有物」:流利度、連貫性、字彙、文法、發音,讓你思考、講英文就像個母語人士,不考雅思也必備的口說寶典。
★擬真IELTS口試情境音檔,首創英美雙聲發音,打破雅思英國腔迷思。QR Code 隨掃隨聽,快速適應考官面試。

【學生雅思口說進步成果榜】
■全職考生Jonathan 短期密集訓練,雅思口說Band 8
■全職考生Austin 短期密集訓練,雅思口說Band 7.5
■上班族(每天上班9小時)Rice兩個月雅思口說Band 6進步到Band 7,接著再考又進步到Band 7.5
■FB 網紅Louis 兩個月雅思口說Band 5進步到Band 7
■全職考生Jennifer 六個月雅思口說Band 4.5進步到Band 7.5
■William一個半月雅思口說Band 5.5進步到Band 6.5
■Jessica兩個月雅思口說Band 5.5進步到Band 7.5


 

「留學考試教父」Brett Lindsay 林熙
• 「LINDSAY 林熙留學教育」創辦人兼教學總監,提供國際學校與國內體制背景考生培養紮實應考實力之課程
• 每年親自應考留學考試,SAT/TOEFL/IELTS 滿分紀錄保持者
• 二十年來專精研究與教授留學考試:GRE, GMAT, SAT, ACT, TOEFL, IELTS
• 國際CELTA劍橋大學英語教學證照
• 研究美國法學院入學考試LSAT與英澳醫學院入學考試UCAT
• FB: https://www.facebook.com/brett311/ (2.03w)

張家瑞

畢業於臺灣大學外文系,是位熱愛文字工作的兼職譯者。投入翻譯領域十多年,譯作類別涵蓋醫療保健、商業理財、小說、生活休閒、理工、心靈勵志等,喜歡在翻譯的天地裡自得其樂。

推薦序 “Drawing on the corpus of real IELTS questions reported by test-takers, Brett
Lindsay provides IELTS Speaking test candidates with a meticulous break
down of the speaking question types and the best strategies to deal with them,
equipping candidates with handy chunks of natural sounding language that
they can easily integrate with their own English speech, as opposed to the
inappropriate clichés that IELTS students are so often encouraged to memorize
and mechanically regurgitate.”
林熙老師透過應試者回報的雅思真實題庫(雅思機經真題),為雅思考生
精密分析口說題型,提供答題的最佳策略,以及精選道地母語人士常用的
搭配詞、慣用語。考生可以很自然地將其融入至自己的英文口說,而非一
般雅思考生經常被灌輸的記憶模板,機械性說出不恰當的陳腔濫調。
―― Daniel Sansoni英文檢定考官/資深雅思教師

“This invaluable guide contains numerous examples of what both good and
bad answers look like, along with thorough explanations, which reference
the scoring rubric. In addition, the many strategies for overcoming common
difficulties make this text a must-have for any serious IELTS candidate wishing
to reach his or her exam g oals.”
這本無價之寶――《雅思口說教戰手冊》包含許多答題示範,根據評分標
準分析比較優劣答題範例。此外,多元應試策略點破考生常見的盲點。這
本書是任何一位認真準備雅思考生的必備寶典,引領他們達到目標分數。
―― Dax Seutter前雅思口試考官/資深雅思教師

“The author provides clear, unique, and easy-to-follow directions for IELTS
students. These directions show how your answers can be more natural,
detailed, and interesting. That means a higher score! You will feel prepared and
confident.”
作者為雅思考生提供了清楚、獨到且易於遵循的指導方針,教導你更自
然、更有深度且更有趣的答題技巧,也就是高分表達!這本書讓你做足
準備,自信應戰雅思口說。
―― Brian Welter 英文檢定考官/資深雅思教師

Preface 作者序

I’ve decided to combine the best of what I have learned over the last 20 years teaching IELTS speaking and researching the test into this book. It contains by far the most useful speaking training methods and the best IELTS answering techniques you will ever find. Nothing has been left out.

Reading this book is like being taken on a journey. You’ll be systematically trained in the English speaking skills of fluency and coherence, vocabulary, grammar, and pronunciation. Next, you’ll be led even further on your journey by learning how to not only think like a native speaker but also talk like one with the Ultimate Answering System (AYEFX).

Reading this book is also like taking a class in which you are taught to completely master IELTS speaking. What cram schools don’t teach you and examiners are forbidden to tell you about the real Band Descriptors is revealed here for the first time. The Master Stories Method, another major part of your training, will help you develop your ability to discuss various topics at length.

Regardless of whether you’re an IELTS test taker or someone who simply wants to vastly improve your English speaking skills, I hope that you will practice “echoing” all of the perfect-scoring recorded answers I have created for you at least 10 times each: the more you do this, the better. Also, if you are used to speaking with an American accent, feel free to echo the American voice; likewise, if a British accent is more to your taste, feel free to echo the British voice.

The standard to set for yourself is not simply to be able to speak English, but to be able to say something! Once you can do that, you will have reached an IELTS standard of Band 7.5 or higher.

I hope you enjoy using this book.

I ask only one thing: practice diligently and never give up on your dreams.

You can do it!


我將這二十年的雅思教學經驗與研究 : 最有用的英文口說練習法與雅思口說答題技巧,毫無保留的全寫進這本書裡,不留一手。

讀這本書,就像個旅程,帶著你有系統的練英文口說。一路從流利度與連貫性、字彙、文法到發音的訓練,接著更進一步教你 : 母語人士說英文的思維「AYEFX」,讓你從思考、講英文就像個母語人士。

讀這本書,也像個課程,帶著你徹底的掌握雅思口說。補習班不會教你的、考官不能告訴你的 : 真正口說評分規則,在這裡將被揭開。「主軸故事法」也是重頭戲之一,這個技巧能夠紮實培養你談論各種話題的口說能力。

無論你是不是雅思考生,或只是單純想把英文口說練好,我都希望你能確實的把每一個我為你撰寫的滿分口說答題示範,跟著音檔複誦超過十遍以上,多多益善。(如果你習慣講美語腔,請你跟著美語腔的音檔模仿複誦;如果你習慣講英國腔,那就跟著英國腔的音檔模仿複誦吧!)

練好英文口說的標準,不是在「能說」,而是要能說得「言之有物」。
當你達到這個標準時,你的雅思口說也已達到Band 7.5以上的水準。

希望你會喜歡這本書。

最後,我只要求一件事:勤奮地練習,絕不要放棄你的夢想。
你一定能做到!

Brett Lindsay林熙老師
Preface 作者序

Unit 1: Mini IELTS Overview 快速進入雅思的世界
1-1 General Overview of the IELTS 到底雅思是怎麼樣的考試
1-2 Speaking Test Overview 快速了解雅思口說
1-3 Speaking Band Descriptors 考官眼裡的雅思口說評分標準
1-4 Myth Busters 破解雅思口說的各種迷思

Unit 2: How to prepare for the IELTS speaking test 必練!雅思口說的自我訓練法
Intro You MUST practice every single day! 一天不練口說,你就會生疏!
2-1 How to Practice Fluency and Coherence 怎麼練流利度與連貫性
2-2 How to Practice Vocabulary 怎麼練字彙
2-3 How to Practice Grammar 怎麼練文法
2-4 How to Practice Pronunciation 怎麼練發音
2-5 The Ultimate Answering System 老外思路答題法(AYEFX)
2-6 What you must do 考試你一定要做到的事!
2-7 What you must avoid 考試你千萬不要做的事!

Unit 3: Part 1 (Short Answers) 雅思口說第一部分 : 快問快答
3-1 How the examiner sees Part 1 考官眼裡的Part 1
3-2 The first four questions and the compulsory question set 考前四題 & 必考話題
3-3 How to use grammar for a high score 怎麼利用文法得到Part 1高分
3-4 Model answers to different topics 真題滿分答題示範

Unit 4: Part 2 (Long Turn) 雅思口說第二部分 : 換你講
4-1 How the examiner sees Part 2 考官眼裡的Part 2
4-2 How to use the prompts 沒人教過你提示卡真正的用法!
4-3 Note taking (or not) 找出適合你的筆記法!
4-4 The Master Stories Method - The Guaranteed Answer 主軸故事法-保證 Part 2 講滿兩分鐘!
4-5 Theme 1: Describe an Experience 主軸故事法-滿分答題示範 主題一 : 描述一個經驗
4-6 Theme 2: Describe Information/Entertainment 主軸故事法-滿分答題示範 主題二 : 描述資訊或娛樂
4-7 Theme 3: Describe an Object 主軸故事法-滿分答題示範 主題三 : 描述一個物件
4-8 Theme 4: Describe a Person 主軸故事法-滿分答題示範 主題四 : 描述一個人
4-9 Theme 5: Describe a Place 主軸故事法-滿分答題示範 主題五 : 描述一個地方

Unit 5: Part 3 (Discussion) 雅思口說第三部分 : 探討
5-1 How the examiner sees Part 3 考官眼裡的Part 3
5-2 Good vs Bad Part 3 Answers 好的與不好的Part 3答題範例
5-3 How to repeat yourself without losing points 想重複講,又怕被扣分?不怕!我教你重述的藝術!
5-4 How to buy time 分秒必爭,要怎麼多爭幾秒而不被扣分?!
5-5 How to answer when you have nothing to say 沒話講的時候也不怕,我教你!
5-6 Questions divided into themes with model answers 真題滿分答題示範
5-7 How to cheat the system 口說考試也可以偷吃步!

Unit 6: Wrap up 說再見的時候了!
6-1 Greetings and Farewells 應對考官的基本禮節
6-2 Asking for clarification – be proactive! 不要當被動的考生,拿到主導權!高分在握!
6-3 Timing of your test 什麼時候去考試最好?

Afterword後記:Why this book is also suitable for people who simply want to improve their spoken English. 為什麼這本書也適合單純想把英文口說練好的人
1-3 Speaking Band Descriptors
考官眼裡的雅思口說評分表

You must study the Band Descriptors to understand exactly how you can achieve your ideal score. Your score is based (almost) 100% on the band descriptors, so understanding them is one of your top priorities. While most students are too lazy to study the Band Descriptors, you cannot afford to be. To give the examiners what they want, you must know how they are scoring you. If you have taken the IELTS multiple times in the past without much improvement, perhaps one of the reasons is because you don't understand the Band Descriptors. This chapter will help.

你一定要研讀評分標準,才能知道到底該怎麼做才能達到你的理想分數。你所得到的口說分數(幾乎)百分之百是根據評分標準而來,因此了解雅思口說評分標準是你的第一優先。雖然很多考生都懶得去研究評分標準,但你可承受不起這個後果。為了要講出考官想要聽到的答題內容,你必須知道他們是怎麼幫你打分數的。如果你曾經考過幾次雅思,但分數都沒什麼進步,很有可能是你不了解評分標準。本章將會助你一臂之力。

4 criteria on the Band Descriptors (each worth 25% of your score)
雅思口說評分標準的四大項目(每一項佔總分的25%)

1. Fluency and Coherence (FC) 流利度與連貫性
2. Lexical Resource (LR) 詞彙豐富度
3. Grammatical Range and Accuracy (GRA) 文法多樣性與準確度
4. Pronunciation (P) 發音

There are two versions of the Band Descriptors: the public version and the examiner's version.

Naturally, examiners use the examiner's version. Luckily, the two versions are nearly identical for Fluency and Coherence (FC), Lexical Resource (LR), and Grammatical Range and Accuracy (GRA). However, the public version's Pronunciation (P) criteria lacks important information, so I will explain the differences in more detail later in this chapter.

值得注意的是,雅思口說評分標準有兩種版本:公開版和考官版。

當然,考官是用考官版。好在這兩種版本在流利度與連貫性(FC)、詞彙豐富度(LR)與文法多樣性與準確度(GRA)幾乎是一模一樣的。而它們之間最大的差別是在發音(P),公開版的發音(P)缺少了許多重要的評分規則,所以我會在這個章節仔細說明它們之間的差別。

How, precisely, is the speaking score calculated?
口說分數到底是怎麼算出來的?

The four criteria (Fluency and Coherence, Lexical Resource, Grammatical Range and Accuracy, and Pronunciation) each receive an integer score and are rounded, but they are not rounded according to normal rounding rules. Speaking (and writing) scores are not rounded up - they are only rounded down. Note that this method of rounding is only for the Speaking and Writing scores but not for the Overall score. Let's look at a few examples to make it clearer:

考官會分別給出流利度與連貫性(FC)、詞彙豐富度(LR)、文法多樣性與準確度(GRA)、發音(P)這四項分數,來交給英國劍橋大學語言測評考試院(簡稱劍橋)。劍橋會依據這四項分數給一個調整後的整數成績。而這個調整很特別,不像雅思總分(Overall)是四捨五入而來。雅思口說(和寫作)的給分原則是 : 只要四項評分標準的平均沒有足足達到該級分,就會自動往下降。我們來看看下面的範例說明,會更清楚:

The following scores all produce an Overall Band 7
以下四項評分標準的分數配置,都會讓口說成績變成Band 7

(FC-LR-GRA-P)
7-7-7-7 (算術平均Mathematical Average of 7)
6-6-8-8(算術平均Mathematical Average of 7)
8-7-6-7 (算術平均Mathematical Average of 7)
9-7-5-8 (算術平均Mathematical Average of 7.25)
8-8-7-6 (算術平均Mathematical Average of 7.25)

The following scores all produce an Overall Band 6.5
以下四項評分標準的分數配置,都會讓口說成績變成Band 6.5
(FC-LR-GRA-P)
7-7-6-6 (算術平均Mathematical Average of 6.5)
6-6-6-8 (算術平均Mathematical Average of 6.5)
7-7-7-6 (算術平均Mathematical Average of 6.75)
6-6-7-8 (算術平均Mathematical Average of 6.75)

As you can see, if you hope to get a band 7, you need to have at least an average of 7 or 7.25. This method of rounding is designed to make it more difficult to get high scores in speaking (and writing).

Let's now look at each criterion in more detail and specify what you are trying to accomplish and what you are trying to avoid for each. More information about how to specifically work on each area (FC, LR, GRA, and P) can be found in a separate chapter in Unit 2.

如上,如果你想得到Band 7,你的平均分數至少要有7或7.25。因此,這樣的給分設計讓考生更難在口說(和寫作)拿到高分。

現在我們來仔細地看每一項評分標準的規則。我會具體的說明你要達成的目標和如何避免失分。在Unit 2裡,我也會逐一教你怎麼練習口說的流利度與連貫性(FC)、詞彙豐富度(LR)、文法多樣性與準確度(GRA)與發音(P)。
流利度與連貫性(Fluency and Coherence╱FC)
考官會從以下四大面向來評分:

Fluency and Coherence (FC):
流利度與連貫性

You are being judged on four main areas:
考官會用以下四大方面來評分:

1. How continuous your speech is
說話的連續性(有沒有斷斷續續)

◼︎You must make sure your answers are long enough and keep speaking until you finish your ideas. You also need to finish clearly.
◼︎Do not give very short answers or long lists (For example, if you are asked, “What’s your neighbourhood like?”, you should not answer with “Convenient, quite safe, very quiet…” Such listing would give you a Band 4 in FC).
◼︎Do not repeat words and phrases. You especially don't want to mindlessly repeat the examiner's question.
◼︎Do not pause for a long time, especially to search for words. Too much pausing can lead to a Band 4 or lower.
◼︎Do not correct your grammar - it will interrupt your answer and may confuse the examiner.

◼︎你的回答內容一定要夠長,並且你能持續講,講到你把想講的話都講完為止。還有講話要有頭有尾,讓人聽得出來你講完了。
◼︎不要給太簡短的答案或像流水帳的列點式回答,例如考官問 : What is your neighbourhood like? 你說 : Convenient, quite safe, very quiet...(列點式回答:沒有說明,只有列點,這樣你的FC會降到Band 4)
◼︎不要反覆說同樣的單字或片語,尤其是不要傻傻地把考官問的題目重新一模一樣講一遍。
◼︎不要停頓太久,尤其是你在想 : 要怎麼講某個情況,或是你想不出那個單字怎麼說而停頓下來。注意! 停頓過長或過多都會讓你的FC降到Band 4或更低分。
◼︎講話的時候,不要回頭糾正自己的文法―因為這樣會打斷你說話的流利度,也可能會造成考官的困惑,聽不太懂你到底要講什麼。


1-4 Myth Busters
破解雅思口說的各種迷思

(?) Myth 迷思#4:

Examiners prefer British accents,
so you need to speak with a British accent.
╳ 考官偏好英國腔,所以你需要用英國腔說話。

Admittedly, this may seem logical because the IELTS is written by Cambridge, a British institution. However, examiners come from a variety of countries, and they themselves have a variety of accents. Furthermore, those examiners who do come from the UK are already used to a variety of accents from test takers. Therefore, you should not change your accent specifically for the IELTS because it would simply waste valuable time and not affect your speaking score whatsoever.
不可否認這個迷思似乎合邏輯,因為雅思是英國的機構-劍橋出產的考試。然而,考官來自於世界各地,他們各有自己的口音。再者,即使是來自於英國的考官,也已經習慣了考生的各種口音。所以,你不需要為了考雅思而特別改變你的英文腔調,那只會浪費你寶貴的練習時間,而且對你的口說分數沒有加分。

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