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英文文法超捷徑:30天用圖解概念戰勝英文文法
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英文文法超捷徑:30天用圖解概念戰勝英文文法

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在學習英語的過程中,難免對於所謂「文法」懷抱著或多或少的恐懼感;每到必須開口,或是難得有機會開口說英語的時候,更總是戰戰兢兢,深怕說得不夠完美!

但可別忘了,英語本來就是種「溝通工具」,只要能夠完整地表達自己的想法,即可和談話對象相互理解、交流,沒人會幫你打分數!換句話說,掌握基本文法架構便能築出你的英語力,別讓文法完美與否成了你跨越國界、展現自我的絆腳石。

既然如此,為什麼還需要《英文文法超捷徑》呢?別緊張,這本書絕對不是要你來死背一條條的規則,而是一步步引導你理解文法背後的道理和邏輯,幫助你舉一反三;搭配貼近日常生活、社交的活潑例句,讓你一看就懂,現學現用!

準備好踏上這條《英文文法超捷徑》了嗎?

無論你的目標是外派出差、輕鬆搞定英文簡報,或者想要自助旅行,還是單純想和外國朋友聊聊天、搏感情,《英文文法超捷徑》都是你的加分利器。它提供日常必備英文文法的全方位導覽,將焦點放在「理解」與「應用」;不在單點上過度鑽研,深入淺出的說明讓你輕鬆吸收、零負擔。

《英文文法超捷徑》為你規劃了三十天的衝刺式學習日程,要帶你迅速達陣!對於需求並沒有那麼急迫的讀者,更建議稍稍放慢步調,一邊調整自己學習的節奏,以從容的排程,達到更好的吸收。

想要學好一門語言,就怕你不開口說。實際嘗試表達,是檢視學習進度的最佳方式;每天乖乖按照進度「紙上談兵」之餘,也別放過任何現學現用的機會,秀出你的英語力!文法,你懂嗎?能夠倒背如流不等於懂文法;問我懂不懂文法?不如問我懂不懂怎麼「用」文法!

作者簡介

朱懿婷 Gillian

Gillian 是一個每天周旋於 RD 與客戶之間的國外業務經理。從來沒有放過洋,但從小累積到大的英語學習經驗,加上一年12個月中,有6個月在國外與客戶 meeting 的實戰經驗,讓她對於英語學習相當有心得及想法。不喜歡死背單字,更討厭記誦枯燥的文法規則,秉持英語最主要的目的就是「溝通」而不是「炫耀」,說「對方聽得懂的英語」才是好英語。

目次

片語有沒有加 the 的差別
=====================================================================================
01 文法使用錯誤範例 Sample of Wrong Grammar
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
A: Would you lend me some money?
你能借我一些錢嗎?
 B: None of the questions (X). → Out of the question (O) → 不可能
Out of question (O) → 沒問題

=====================================================================================
02 文法誤用詳細解析 Grammar Analysis
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

英文中有若干片語,有沒有加 the,意思差很大。上述範例就是其一。其餘說明如下:

(1) 指地點的介系詞片語,沒有加 the 者常指該地點的功能或是目的,例如:go to school 是去執行學校的功能或目的,也就是「上學」之意;go to office 是去執行辦公室的功能或目的,也就是「上班」之意。若加上 the,則是指所接名詞之建築物本身,例如:go to the school 只是前往學校那幢建築物,而非上學;go to the office 只是去那間辦公室,而非上班。同理:

He is in hospital.(他住院。)
He is in the hospital.(他去那間醫院。)→ 可能是去辦別的事,而非住院

(2) play games → 玩世不恭;play the game → 為人正直。live in the country → 住在鄉下(英式說法);live in this country→ 住在這個國家。

在後面這個例子中,「住在鄉下」的英式說法為 live in the country,美國人則說成 live up the country。除了country hits(鄉村樂流行曲)、country fans(鄉村樂迷)、country cousins(鄉巴佬)等慣用語中的 country 指鄉村之外,以下的country 均指國家:throughout / all over the country, this / that country。

上述範例中的兩個答句皆適用於此,只是意思不同且恰好相反。 而英文中並沒有none of the questions 這個片語。

=====================================================================================
03 文法使用誤用辨析 Grammar Error vs. Correct Usage
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
01. 聖誕老人進城啦。
X Santa Claus is coming to the town.
O Santa Claus is coming to town.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
02. 她和他一起來上班。
X She came into the office with him.
O She came into office with him.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
03. 基督徒每週日都要上教會。
X Christians would go to the church on Sundays.
O Christians would go to church on Sundays.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
04. 他放學後去補習班。
X He goes to a learning center after the school.
O H e goes to a learning center after school.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
05. 她和一個玩咖交往。
X She dates with a guy playing the game.
O She dates with a guy playing games.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
06. 正人君子不會耍賤招。
X Those who play games won’t engage in dirty tricks.
O Those who play the game won’t engage in dirty tricks.

第一階段:20個一定要知道的文法概念
Step 1
先搞懂概念與時態
01. 什麼是英文文法?
02. 現在簡單式vs. 過去簡單式
03. 未來式
04. 現在進行式vs. 過去進行式vs. 未來進行式
05. 現在完成式vs. 過去完成式vs. 未來完成式
06. 完成進行式(現在vs. 過去vs. 未來)
Step 2
了解英文中關鍵的關鍵—字詞
07. 形容詞(含比較級& 最高級)
08. 副詞(含比較級& 最高級)
09. 動詞片語(不可分離vs. 可分離)
10. 連綴動詞vs. 感官動詞
11. 動名詞與不定詞
12. 連接詞
13. 介系詞
14. 片語
Step 3
該如何使用進階的句子?
15. 假設語氣
16. 被動語態
17. 附加問句
18. 關係代名詞
19. 子句(名詞子句、形容詞子句、副詞子句⋯⋯)
20. 倒裝句
第二階段:30個一定要學的句型
Level 1
基礎觀念馬上建立!(程度分級:國中英語)
01. 那裡有正妹!
There is a hot girl.
╰ 句型01 There be (not)...
There is enough food for all of us.
╰ 延 伸 There is (not)... + enough ( + ...) + to do...
02. 要不要喝點水啊?
Would you like some water?
╰ 句型02 Would you like...?
What about another cup of tea?
╰ 延 伸 How about / What about...?
03. 你花多久時間從車站走回家?
How long does it take to walk home from the bus stop?
╰ 句型03 How long / soon / often...?
04. 他太胖了,所以他不可能追到校花!
He is too fat to get the school queen!
╰ 句型04 too... + (for sb. / sth.) + to...
He is so sick that he can't go to work today.
╰ 延 伸 so... that...
05. 今天我們去看鋼鐵人3 吧!
Let's go to see Iron Man 3 today!
╰ 句型05 Let's / Let us + V...
Why not go for a walk after dinner?
╰ 延 伸 Why not / Why don't we...?
06. 不是所有人都想要費德勒贏,好嗎?
Not everybody wants Federer to win, ok?
╰ 句型06 Not everybody / both / all / every...
07. 難怪你上課時總是想睡覺!
It is no wonder you always feel sleepy during the class.
╰ 句型07 (It is) no wonder (that)...
08. 完成這個專案會花上七個工作天呢!
It will take 7 working days to finish the project.
╰ 句型08 It takes (sb.) + some time + to do sth.
09. 你覺得哈利波特的結局怎麼樣?
What do you think of / about the ending of Harry Potter?
╰ 句型09 What do you think of / about...?
10. 我媽叫我下課後就馬上回家。
My mother asks me to go home as soon as the class is over.
╰ 句型10 ...as soon as...
Level 2
可以開始簡單的英語會話囉!(程度分級:高中第一∼二冊)
11. 除非你跟我們一起去,否則我是不會跟你哥去看電影的。
I won't go to the movie with your brother unless you go with us.
╰ 句型11 unless...
I won't leave here until you give me the money.
╰ 延 伸 until ⋯
12. 蘋果電腦不知道 iPad mini 2 會不會是暢銷商品。
APPLE doesn't know whether iPad mini 2 will hit or not.
╰ 句型12 whether...or...
0Does anyone know if he will come today?
╰ 延 伸 i f...
13. 你不一起去嗎?
Don't you want to come along?
╰ 句型13 Isn't (Don't / Can't / Won't...) + sb....?
It's a beautiful place, isn't it?
14. 這個包包多美啊!
How beautiful this bag is!
╰ 句型14 What / How...!
She is such a beautiful woman.
╰ 延 伸 such a / an...
15. 你介意讓我先上廁所嗎?
Do you mind if I use the toilet first?
╰ 句型15 Do / Would you mind...?
16. 這場比賽不只令人屏息 還令人非常難忘!
This game is not only breathtaking but also unforgettable.
╰ 句型16 not only...but also...
17. 瞭解世界趨勢對於學生來說非常重要。
It's very important for students to know the current trend of
the world.
╰ 句型17 It is + adj + of / for sb. + to do...
Learning English is an important thing for us to do.
╰ 延 伸 V-ing + is + adj...
18. 那達爾不認為這次發球有出界。
Nadal doesn't think that this serve is outside.
╰ 句型18 Sb. do / does not think / suppose / believe that...
19. 該是貝拉決定她未來職業的時候了。
It's time for Bella to decide her career.
╰ 句型19 It's time (for sb.) to do sth....
It is time (that) we had classes.
╰ 延 伸 It's (high / about) time that...

20. 盧彥勳是如此努力以致於他可以打進2010 溫布頓第三回合。
Yen-Hsun Lu works so hard that he could play in
the third round of Wimbledon 2010.
╰ 句型20 so... that...
Level 3
看到阿豆仔也不用怕!(程度分級:高中第三∼六冊)
21. 起床,否則你開學第一天就要遲到了!
Get up, or you will be late on the first day of school.
╰ 句型21 or / otherwise...
22. 你每天水喝得越多,你就會越健康。
The more water you drink every day, the more healthier you will be.
╰ 句型22 the +比較級,the +比較級
23. 我恐怕無法去看女神卡卡的台北演唱會了。
I'm afraid I can't go to Lady Gaga's concert in Taipei.
╰ 句型23 I'm afraid (that)...
24. 羅傑.費德勒就是那個打破多項世界網球紀錄的人。
It is Roger Federer who broke many world records of tennis.
╰ 句型24 It is / was...that / who...
25. 這很明顯是裁判誤判了。
It is obvious that the judge made a mistake.
╰ 句型25 It is obvious / clear that...
It seems (that) he was late for the train.
╰ 延 伸 It seems / seemed that / as if...
It is said that the food in this supermarket is cheaper.
╰ 延 伸 It is / was said (reported / hoped) that...
26. 這部電影實在太精彩了,所以大家都在討論它。
It is such a good movie that everyone talks about it.
╰ 句型26 so / such... that...
27. 你最好趁夏天來之前開始減肥。
You'd better begin to lose weight before summer comes.
╰ 句型27 You'd better (not)...
You are supposed to support your parents.
╰ 延 伸 be (not) supposed to...
28. 就算要排隊等一個小時我也要買到這間店的甜甜圈!
Even though I have to wait for an hour, I still want to
buy donuts from this shop.
╰ 句型28 Even though / if...
29. 我媽要我打掃房間。
My mother had me clean the room.
╰ 句型29 使役動詞 have + O ...
30. 不管發生什麼事,我都一定會支持我的家人。
No matter what happened, I will support my family.
╰ 句型30 no matter + 疑問詞...
第三階段:40個不能不閃的文法陷阱
Trap 1
單字陷阱.相似單字辨析篇
01. ago vs. before
02. any vs. some
03. asleep vs. sleepy
04. bring vs. take vs. carry
05. hope vs. wish
06. everyday vs. every day
07. fit vs. suit
08. hear vs. listen to
09. speak vs. say vs. talk vs. tell
10. spend vs. cost
11. travel vs. trip
12. wait vs. expect
13. worth vs. worthy
14. occur vs. happen vs. take place
15. can v.s may vs. might
16. may be vs. maybe
17. during vs. while vs. when
18. prefer vs. rather
Trap 2
單字陷阱.一字多義使用篇
01. think 的用法
02. time 的用法
03. help 的用法
04. hurt 的用法
05. mind 的用法
06. welcome 用法
Trap 3
文法陷阱.文法觀念辨析篇
01. 動詞+動名詞 vs. 動詞+不定詞
02. 過去簡單式 vs. 過去完成式
03. 慣用被動式的句子
04. 形容詞的詞序問題
05. 間接問句的用法
Trap 4
文法陷阱.文法使用差異篇
01. have been to vs. have gone to
02. neither... nor vs. either... or
03. other vs. the other vs. another
04. shameful vs. ashamed
05. sometime vs. sometimes vs. some time vs. some times
06. one, it, that 的區別
07. so vs. such
08. what vs. which
09. 片語有沒有加 the 的差別
10. could vs. would
11. than 在比較句型中的用法

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